Friday, October 31, 2008
Data de Veiculação: 31/10/2008
Fumo passivo custa R$ 37 mi
Veículo: A Crítica
O governo gasta R$ 37 milhões por ano com tratamento de saúde e pensões pagas pela morte de vítimas de doenças provocada pelo tabagismo passivo. Esse cálculo foi feito pelo estudo "Impacto do Custo de Doenças relacionadas com o tabagismo passivo no Brasil", pesquisa econômica encomendada pelo Instituto Nacional do Câncer à Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro e divulgado ontem pela manhã.
O estudo teve como base a estimativa entre "mortalidade atribuível ao tabagismo passivo no Brasil", que calculou que 2.655 não fumantes morrem todo o ano no País em conseqüência de doenças isquêmicas do coração, principalmente enfarte, acidente vascular cerebral e câncer de pulmão - as três principais doenças relacionadas ao fumo.
Dos R$ 37 milhões, R$ 19,15 milhões referem-se aos gastos do Sistema Único de Saúde (SUS) e R$ 18 milhões são pagos pelo Instituto Nacional do Seguro Social (INSS).
INVENTION OF THE YEAR
THE OTHER 49 BEST INVENTIONS
- 2. The Tesla Roadster
- 3. The Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter
- 4. Hulu.com
- 5. The Large Hadron Collider
- 6. The Global Seed Vault
- 7. The Chevy Volt
- 8. Bullets That Shoot Bullets
- 9. The Orbital Internet
- 10. The World's Fastest Computer
- 11. Green Crude
- 12. Housing Funds
- 13. The Memristor
- 14. The Bionic Hand
- 15. The Direct-to-Web Supervillain Musical
- 16. The Dynamic Tower
- 17. The Mobile, Dexterous, Social Robot
- 18. The New Mars Rover
- 19. Montreal's Public Bike System
- 20. The Everything Game
- 21. The Synthetic Organism
- 22. The Shadowless Skyscraper
- 23. The Branded Candidate
- 24. Bionic Contacts
- 25. Thin-Film Solar Panels
- 26. The Speedo LZR Racer
- 27. Bubble Photography
- 28. The Invisibility Cloak
- 29. The 46th Mersenne Prime
- 30. The Internet Of Things
- 31. Einstein's Fridge
- 32. Facebook for Spies
- 33. Biomechanical Energy Harvester
- 34. Made-in-Transit Packaging
- 35. Airborne Wind Power
- 36. The New Ping-Pong Serve
- 37. Smog-Eating Cement
- 38. The Baseball Instant Replay
- 39. Enhanced Fingerprints
- 40. The Seven New Deadly Sins
- 41. The Peraves MonoTracer
- 42. Disemvoweling
- 43. High-Tech Running Shoes
- 44. Sunscreen for Plants
- 45. The Short Refinance
- 46. Aptera Electric Car
- 47. Google's Floating Data Center
- 48. The Time Eater Clock
- 49. Sound-Enhanced Food
- 50. A Camera For the Blind
TECH BUYER'S GUIDE
GADGET OF THE YEAR
- Sanyo Xacti HD1010
- Flip Mino
- Wii Fit
- Eye-Fi Explore SD Card
- Dash Express
- T-Mobile G1
- Canon PowerShot A590 IS
- iPod Touch
GADGET POLL RESULTS
Wednesday, October 29, 2008
Tuesday, October 28, 2008
Noncommunicable diseases now biggest killers
Chronic conditions like heart disease, stroke kill more, says WHO's World health statistics 2008
19 MAY 2008 | GENEVA -- The global burden of disease is shifting from infectious diseases to noncommunicable diseases, with chronic conditions such as heart disease and stroke now being the chief causes of death globally, according to a new WHO report published today. The shifting health trends indicate that leading infectious diseases – diarrhoea, HIV, tuberculosis, neonatal infections and malaria – will become less important causes of death globally over the next 20 years.
World health statistics 2008 is based on data collected from WHO's 193 Member States. This annual report is the most authoritative reference for a set of 73 health indicators in countries around the world. These are the best available data and they are essential for painting the global picture of health and how it is changing.
“We are definitely seeing a trend towards fewer people dying of infectious diseases across the world,” said Dr Ties Boerma, Director of the WHO Department of Health Statistics and Informatics. “We tend to associate developing countries with infectious diseases, such as HIV/AIDS, tuberculosis and malaria. But in more and more countries the chief causes of death are noncommunicable diseases, such as heart disease and stroke.”
The statistical report documents in detail the levels of mortality in children and adults, patterns of morbidity and burden of disease, prevalence of risk factors such as smoking and alcohol consumption, use of health care, availability of health care workers, and health care financing. It also draws attention to important issues in global health, including:
- Maternal mortality: in developed countries, nine mothers die for every 100 000 live births, while in developing countries the death rate is 450 and in sub-Saharan Africa it is 950.
- Life expectancy trends in Europe: life expectancy in eastern Europe increased from an average of 64.2 years in 1950 to 67.8 years in 2005, representing an increase of only about four years compared with 9 to 15 years for the rest of Europe.
- Health-care costs: 100 million people are impoverished every year by paying out of pocket for health care.
- Coverage of key maternal, neonatal and child health interventions: four out of 10 women and children do not receive basic preventive and curative interventions and at current rates of progress it will take several decades before this gap is closed.
World health statistics 2008 is the official record of data produced by WHO’s technical programmes and regional offices in close consultation with countries and in collaboration with researchers and development agencies. In publishing these statistics, WHO underlines continuing health challenges and provides an evidence base for strategies to improve global public health.
For further information contact:
Telephone: +41 22 791 1897
Mobile: +41 78 678 9079
Monday, October 27, 2008
ACCF/ACG/AHA 2008 Expert Consensus Document on Reducing the Gastrointestinal Risks of Antiplatelet Therapy and NSAID Use
Deepak L. Bhatt, MD, FACC, FAHA, et al
This document has been developed by the American College of Cardiology Foundation (ACCF) Task Force on Clinical Expert Consensus Documents, the American College of Gastroenterology (ACG), and the American Heart Association (AHA). Expert consensus documents (ECDs) are intended to inform practitioners, payers, and other interested parties of the opinion of the ACCF and document cosponsors concerning evolving areas of clinical practice and/or technologies that are widely available or new to the practice community. Topics chosen for coverage by ECDs are so designed because theevidence base, the experience with technology, and/or the clinical practice are not considered sufficiently well developed to beevaluated by the formal American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association (ACC/AHA) practice guidelines process. Often the topic is the subject of ongoing investigation. Thus, the reader should view ECDs as the best attempt of the ACCF and other cosponsors to inform and guide clinical practice in areas where rigorous evidence may not be available or the evidence to date is not widely accepted. When feasible, ECDs includeindications or contraindications. Topics covered by ECDs may be addressed subsequently by the ACC/AHA Practice Guidelines Committee as new evidence evolves and is evaluated.
The Task Force on ECDs makes every effort to avoid any actual or potential conflicts of interest that might arise as a result of an outside relationship or personal interest of a member of the writing panel. Specifically, all members of the writing panel are asked to provide disclosure statements of all such relationships that might be perceived as real or potential conflicts of interest to inform the writing effort. These statements are reviewed by the parent task force, reported orally to all members of the writing panel at the first meeting, and updated as changes occur. The relationships with industry information for writing committee members and peer reviewers are listed in Appendixes 1 and 2, respectively./.../
Sunday, October 26, 2008
A coordenadora do grupo técnico de população e cidadania do Ipea, Ana Amélia Camarano, lembra que o envelhecimento da população é uma “tendência universal” e que, muitas vezes, as pessoas associam o envelhecimento apenas ao aumento da expectativa de vida e à redução da mortalidade.
“Ele tem a ver com o fato de que se tem menos crianças e mais gente nas idades mais avançadas. Isso tende a se acentuar porque os anos 50 e 60 foram os anos do boompopulacional. Os baby boomers vão se tornar agora os elderly boomers – estão envelhecendo e chegando lá na ponta.”
Dentre as quatro políticas identificadas pela pesquisa como de maior importância para a população idosa em crescimento estão: renda para compensar a perda da capacidade laborativa (previdência e assistência social), saúde, cuidados de longa duração e a criação de um entorno favorável, que inclua aspectos como habitação, infra-estrutura e acessibilidade./.../