Saturday, May 31, 2014

World No Tobacco Day

Raising taxes on tobacco: what you need to know

World No Tobacco Day 2014
29 May 2014 – Raising taxes on tobacco is both the most effective and cost-effective way of reducing tobacco use around the world. Read our short brochure to find out how countries are successfully increasing tobacco taxes and what WHO recommends for further progress.

6 millionNearly 6 million people die from tobacco-related illness each year.
Fact sheet on tobacco
8%Only 8% of the world’s population live in countries with sufficiently high tobacco taxes.
WHO report on the global tobacco epidemic 2013

WHO 2014: World Alcohol consumption

The Global status report on alcohol and health 2014 presents a comprehensive perspective on the global, regional and country consumption of alcohol, patterns of drinking, health consequences and policy responses in Member States. It represents a continuing effort by the World Health Organization (WHO) to support Member States in collecting information in order to assist them in their efforts to reduce the harmful use of alcohol, and its health and social consequences. The report was launched in Geneva on Monday 12 May 2014 during the second meeting of the global network of WHO national counterparts for implementation of the global strategy to reduce the harmful use of alcohol.

Global status report on alcohol and health 2014

The report provides a global overview of alcohol consumption in relation to public health (Chapter 1) as well as information on: the consumption of alcohol in populations (Chapter 2); the health consequences of alcohol consumption (Chapter 3); and policy responses at national level (Chapter 4). In addition the report contains country profiles for WHO Member States and appendices with statistical annexes, a description of the data sources and methods used as well as references.

Ciro de Quadros (*Rio Pardo 1940, + Washington 28 maio 2014)

Notícia enviada por Airton Fischmann

Falleció Ciro De Quadros, pionero de la erradicación del polio

Também no New York Times

Fue reconocido internacionalmente por sus éxitos en la lucha contra el sarampión y el polio. También trabajó contra la viruela. Tenía 74 años.

Ciro De Quadros libró su propia cruzada contra el polio, el sarampión y la viruela (Cortesía BBVA)
jueves 29 de mayo de 2014  05:04 PM
El epidemiólogo brasileño Ciro de Quadros, uno de los pioneros en la erradicación de la viruela en todo el mundo y en la eliminación de la polio y el sarampión en América, falleció a los 74 años, informó la Fundación BBVA.

De Quadros (Río Pardo, Brasil, 1940), quien falleció el miércoles en Washington, Estados Unidos, fue reconocido internacionalmente por sus éxitos en la lucha contra estas enfermedades infecciosas, "uno de los principales logros de la medicina".

Este médico, que se formó en su Brasil natal, comenzó su trayectoria en la salud pública en la Amazonía, donde se propuso conseguir un 100 % de  tasa de vacunación entre la población, según señaló la Fundación BBVA en un comunicado replicado por Efe.

Su trayectoria le llevó a trabajar en África para la Organización Mundial de la Salud en la erradicación de la viruela y más tarde en la Organización Panamericana de la Salud, donde fue responsable de la eliminación de la polio y el sarampión en América y, desde 2003, trabajaba como vicepresidente ejecutivo en el Sabine Vaccine Institute, con sede en Washington.

"Lo que se siente al contribuir a erradicar una enfermedad que ha causado millones de muertes es indescriptible. Se tiene la sensación del deber cumplido y anima a seguir trabajando para mejorar la salud global", declaró en 2012 al recoger el premio de la Fundación BBVA.

De Quadros aseguraba que "el siglo XXI será conocido como el siglo de las vacunas. A las muchas que ya tenemos hay que sumar las que se están investigando como, por ejemplo, contra el cáncer de estómago o de hígado. Hay enfermedades que consideramos crónicas o degenerativas y que empezamos a descubrir que se deben a agentes infecciosos contra los que se pueden desarrollar vacunas".

Friday, May 30, 2014

O Guaíba por L.E. Achutti

Não é somente por ser de nosso filho, mas vale a pena ver e compartilhar...
Pretendo colocar nesta página uma coleção de links sobre mais um álbum recentemente lançado pelo nosso filho Luiz Eduardo Robinson Achutti, cuja cerimônia se realizou no Palácio Piratini no dia 27 último.
Não deixem de assistir o vídeo postado pela Katia Arruda, com fundo musical.
Também uma coleção de fotos do lançamento postadas pelo Wagner Cardoso, os textos do Voltaire Schilling e do André Simas Pereira.

Katia Arruda
Katia Arruda9:47pm May 29
Aos amigos do Achutti que prestigiaram o evento, agradecemos. Aos que não puderam comparecer, aí vai um vídeo com as fotos que foram projetadas durante...
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Fotos do lançamento: por Wagner Cardoso

Sunday, May 25, 2014

Antimicrobial resistance

Antimicrobial resistance: global report on surveillance 2014


Publication details

Number of pages257
Publication dateApril 2014
ISBN978 92 4 156474 8 



Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) threatens the effective prevention and treatment of an ever-increasing range of infections caused by bacteria, parasites, viruses and fungi. An increasing number of governments around the world are devoting efforts to a problem so serious that it threatens the achievements of modern medicine. A post-antibiotic era – in which common infections and minor injuries can kill – far from being an apocalyptic fantasy, is instead a very real possibility for the 21st Century.
This WHO report, produced in collaboration with Member States and other partners, provides for the first time, as accurate a picture as is presently possible of the magnitude of AMR and the current state of surveillance globally.
The report makes a clear case that resistance to common bacteria has reached alarming levels in many parts of the world and that in some settings, few, if any, of the available treatments options remain effective for common infections. Another important finding of the report is that surveillance of antibacterial resistance is neither coordinated nor harmonized and there are many gaps in information on bacteria of major public health importance.
Strengthening global AMR surveillance is critical as it is the basis for informing global strategies, monitoring the effectiveness of public health interventions and detecting new trends and threats. As WHO, along with partners across many sectors moves ahead in developing a global action plan to mitigate AMR, this report will serve as a baseline to measure future progress.

2655 - AMICOR 17

All is metamorphosis...

Aloyzio AchuttiemAMICOR - Há 6 minutos
Alan Lightman on Our Yearning for Immortality and Why We Long for Permanence in a Universe of Constant Change*by Maria Popova* *A heartening perspective on mortality by way of the physics of the cosmos and the poetics of the night-blooming cereus cactus.* *“We suffer from a hallucination, from a false and distorted sensation of our own existence as living organisms,”* Alan Watts wrote in contemplating how our ego keeps us separate from the universe. *“It is almost banal to say so,”* Henry Miller observed,*“yet it needs to be stressed continually: all is creation, all is change, all is... mais »

3D movies of entire worm brains

Aloyzio AchuttiemAMICOR - Há 21 minutos
How to create high-speed 3D movies of entire worm brains May 19, 2014 [image: NewsImage_BrainImaging] Researchers at MIT and the University of Vienna have created an imaging system that can generate 3-D movies of entire brains at the millisecond timescale. It could help scientists discover how neuronal networks process sensory information and generate behavior. The team used the new system to simultaneously image the activity of every neuron in the … more…

From light to matter

Aloyzio AchuttiemAMICOR - Há 21 minutos
Scientists discover how to turn light into matter after 80-year questMay 20, 2014 [image: Theories describing light and matter interactions] Theories describing light and matter interactions (credit: Oliver Pike, Imperial College London) Imperial College London physicists have discovered how to create matter from light — a feat thought impossible when the idea was first theorized by scientists G. Breit and J. Wheeler in 1934. Breit and Wheeler suggested that it should be possible to turn light into matter by smashing together only two particles of light (photons), to create an electro... mais »


Aloyzio AchuttiemAMICOR - Há 21 minutos
Bioethics Commission releases volume one response to the BRAIN Initiative May 21, 2014 [image: (Credit: Bioethics Commission)] The Presidential Commission for the Study of Bioethical Issues (Bioethics Commission) has released volume one of its two-part response to President Obama’s request related to the Brain Research through Advancing Innovative Neurotechnologies (BRAIN) Initiative, entitled Gray Matters: Integrative Approaches for Neuroscience, Ethics, and Society. “Neuroscience has begun to make important breakthroughs, but given the complexity … more…

Slowing aging

Aloyzio AchuttiemAMICOR - Há 29 minutos
Added drug allows rapamycin to slow aging without risking diabetesMay 23, 2014 *[+]* This graphic outlines how rapamycin can mimic the effects of dietary restriction (credit: Oregon State University) New research at the Linus Pauling Institute at Oregon State University suggests a fix for serious side effects of rapamycin*, a drug that appears to mimic the ability of dietary restriction to slow the aging process. Laboratory mice that have received rapamycin have reduced the age-dependent decline in spontaneous activity, demonstrated more fitness, improved cognition and cardiovascular ... mais »

Many mental illnesses reduce life expectancy more than heavy smoking -- ScienceDaily

Aloyzio AchuttiemAMICOR - Há 16 horas
Many mental illnesses reduce life expectancy more than heavy smoking -- ScienceDaily

World Cup and the BR Future

Aloyzio AchuttiemAMICOR - Há 16 horas
How the World Cup can make or break Brazil’s hopes for the future: Misha Glenny gives a talk on the country that’ll host TEDGlobal 2014 Posted by: Elizabeth Jacobs May 20, 2014 at 4:41 pm EDT - - - - - - - If you ever find yourself in Brazil, advises Misha Glenny, try to look past the samba, soccer and sea. The journalist, who is currently researching a book on the underground drug trade in Rio de Janeiro, sees a Brazil of challenges, contradictions and opportunities that are far more complex than the celebrations on Ipanema let on./.../

Big Biomedical Data

Aloyzio AchuttiemAMICOR - Há 2 dias
Online First > Viewpoint | May 22, 2014 Finding the Missing Link for Big Biomedical Data FREE ONLINE FIRST Griffin M. Weber, MD, PhD1,2; Kenneth D. Mandl, MD, MPH1,3; Isaac S. Kohane, MD, PhD1,3 [+] Author Affiliations *JAMA*. Published online May 22, 2014. doi:10.1001/jama.2014.4228 Text Size: A A A Article Figures References It has been argued that big data will enable efficiencies and accountability in health care.1,2However, to date, other industries have been far more successful at obtaining value from large-scale integration and analysis of heterogeneous data sources. What these i... mais »


Aloyzio AchuttiemAMICOR - Há 2 dias
New Scientist magazine - 24 May 2014 [image: Cover of 24 May 2014 issue of New Scientist magazine] Issue number 2970 A future mission to the seas of Titan might hear the Throat of Kraken roar Previous issueAll issues from 2014 | Subscribe - Friendship: Do animals have friends, too?[image: Movie Camera] Features > Featurepp34-36 Whether you're a human or a horse, it takes a lot of brainpower to support a complex social group – and that puts a limit on how many friends we can have - Friendship: Friends with many benefits Features > Featurepp37-39 No wonder friendshi... mais »

Poverty and Development

Aloyzio AchuttiemAMICOR - Há 4 dias
- Home - About - - - - - - - - - Research - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Policy - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - Global MPI - - - - - - ... mais »

Ciência no BR

Aloyzio AchuttiemAMICOR - Há 4 dias
Walter Colli: A arte de ser cientista no Brasil MARILUCE MOURA | Edição 219 - Maio de 2014 © LÉO RAMOS [image: Entrev_04 Colli] Na última semana de fevereiro, o professor Walter Colli soube por telefone que ganhara o prêmio Almirante Álvaro Alberto para Ciência e Tecnologia de 2014. A lhe dar a notícia auspiciosa, estavam, do outro lado da linha, o então ministro da Ciência e Tecnologia, Marco Antonio Raupp, e o presidente do Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq), Glaucius Oliva. “Tomei um susto”, ele disse em entrevista ao programa *Pesquisa Brasil*, n... mais »

A.T.C. 1933 – A primeira rainha

José Antonio BrenneremBrenner de Santa Maria - Há 4 dias
No ano de 1933, fatos importantes ocorreram no Avenida Tênis Clube. Houve a eleição da primeira rainha, foi composto o hino, realizado um festival beneficente e lançado o *A.T.C.,* o primeiro jornal do clube. Na metade do ano, meu pai, Ennio Brenner, tornou-se campeão. * Eleição da Rainha* Na sessão de diretoria do Avenida Tênis Clube, em 10.3.1933, Ernesto Lang, tesoureiro, apresentou a proposta que partira de vários sócios de que fosse realizada uma eleição entre as jovens associadas, para escolha da rainha do clube. A proposta foi aceita com entusiasmo. O Avenida Tênis Clu... mais »

Esporte crianças

Aloyzio AchuttiemAMICOR - Há 5 dias
Timoteo Leandro AraujoCompartilhada de maneira particular09:52 Natação, futebol e dança são algumas opções lúdicas que agradam a garotada, indicam os especialistas. Matsudo avisa que esportes competitivos devem ser estimulados a partir dos nove anos, “lembrando que nada deve ser imposto”. Pais têm papel fundamental na adoção de hábitos saudáveis dos filhos, diz especialista - Notícias - R7 Saúde

O Guaíba por Luiz Eduardo Achutti

Aloyzio AchuttiemAMICOR - Há 6 dias

On Perfectionism

Aloyzio AchuttiemAMICOR - Há 6 dias
The Definitive Manifesto for Handling Haters: Anne Lamott on Priorities and How We Keep Ourselves Small by People-Pleasing*by Maria Popova* *“What if you wake up some day, and you’re 65… and you were just so strung out on perfectionism and people-pleasing that you forgot to have a big juicy creative life?”* What makes *Anne Lamott* ’s *Bird by Bird: Some Instructions on Writing and Life* (*public library*) so timelessly rewarding and one of the greatest books on writing of all time is that besides her wisdom on the craft, Lamott extends enormous sensitivity to and consolation for the ... mais »

The baby tree

Aloyzio AchuttiemAMICOR - Há 6 dias
Where Do Babies Come From? A Sweet and Honest Primer on How Reproduction Works by Illustrator Sophie Blackall Children's questions have way of being so simple that they spill into the philosophical. And yet one particular question kids ask stumps grown-ups more than any other, hurling us into a cesspool of self-doubt as we struggle for an answer that is neither too age-inappropriate nor so obviously fanciful that it fails to get the young inquisitor off our back: "Where do babies come from?" Thankfully, Australian-born, Brooklyn-based illustrator extraordinaireSophie Blackall, who ha... mais »

Santa Maria 156 anos

Aloyzio AchuttiemAMICOR EXTENSION - Há uma semana