Friday, April 17, 2015

Morality

From the Rockefeller family to the World Council of Churches, from Mary Robinson to Desmond Tutu, fossil fuel divestment is the fastest growing social movement of our times. The university is the surprising flashpoint for its realisation. Universities occupy an unusually important place in our societies. They are creators of knowledge about the effects of fossil fuels on our communities. But they can also be moral leaders in civic and political affairs. In 2014, the University of Glasgow became the first university in Europe to divest its stake in fossil fuels, after a 12-month campaign by 1300 students and faculty. The School of Oriental and African Studies in London has put a temporary freeze on its investments. Some universities have stumbled. Oxford has deferred its decision. Last month, University College London (UCL) became the latest higher education institution to debate its options. Convened by Anthony Costello, who led The Lancet's 2009 Commission on Managing the Health Effects of Climate Change, the motion was to the point: “Should UCL divest from fossil fuels and sell its £21 million invested in the industry?”
Thumbnail image of Figure. Opens large image

Vie extraterrestre

EDITORIAL Vendredi 17 avril 2015

Vie extraterrestre et obligation astronomique

(NASA)
(NASA)
«S’il y avait des civilisations extraterrestres, leurs représentants devraient être déjà chez nous. Où sont-ils donc?» Ce célèbre «paradoxe» a été écrit par Enrico Fermi en 1950 déjà
«S’il y avait des civilisations extraterrestres, leurs représentants devraient être déjà chez nous. Où sont-ils donc?» Ce célèbre «paradoxe» a été écrit par Enrico Fermi en 1950 déjà. Le physicien s’est ajouté à la liste de ceux qui se sont interrogés sur l’existence de vie dans l’Univers, depuis Lucrèce en passant par Giordano Bruno, brûlé vif au XVIe siècle; sauf que sa phrase a davantage marqué les esprits./.../

A Invenção da Psicanálise - Sigmund Freud

Compartilho  "Sigmund Freud - A Invenção da Psicanálise (1997)" no YouTube - Sigmund Freud - A Invenção da Psicanálise (1997): https://youtu.be/Yz96qUO4QRQ LG enviado pela AMICOR Jussara Koff.

Tuesday, April 14, 2015

Cognitive Aging

Cognitive Aging: Progress in Understanding and Opportunities for Action


Released:April 14, 2015

REPORT AT A GLANCE

  • Action Guide for Health Care Providers (PDF)
  • Online Resources Related to Safe Medication Use in Older Adults (PDF)
  • Online Resources Related to Elder Financial Abuse (PDF)
  • Online Resources Related to Older Adult Driving (PDF)
  • Action Guide for Individuals and Families (PDF)
  • Report Brief (PDF)
  • Una Guía de Acción para Individuos y Familias (PDF)
  • Action Guide for Communities (PDF)
Download an introductory slide for this report >>

People forget things—a name, where they put their keys, a phone number—and yet what is dismissed as a minor inconvenience at 25 years of age, can evolve into a momentary anxiety at 35, and a major source of personal worry at ages 55 or 60. Forgetfulness at older ages is often equated with a decline in cognition—a public health issue that goes beyond memory lapses and one that can have significant impacts on independent living and healthy aging. The term “cognition” covers many mental abilities and processes including decision making, memory, attention, and problem-solving.  At this point in time, when the older population is rapidly growing in the United States and across the globe, it is important to carefully examine what is known about cognitive aging, to identify the positive steps that can be taken to promote cognitive health, and then to take action to implement those changes by informing and activating the public, the health sector, nonprofit and professional associations, communities, the private sector, and government agencies. This Institute of Medicine (IOM) study examines cognitive aging, a natural process associated with advancing years. The IOM committee was charged with assessing the public health dimensions of cognitive aging with an emphasis on definitions and terminology, epidemiology and surveillance, prevention and intervention, education of health professionals, and public awareness and education

11 BILLIONS YEARS AGO

Our Sun came late to the Milky Way's star-birth party

Apr 09, 2015
Our Sun Came Late to the Milky Way's Star-Birth Party
This illustration depicts a view of the night sky from a hypothetical planet within the youthful Milky Way galaxy 10 billion years ago. The heavens are ablaze with a firestorm of star birth. Glowing pink clouds of hydrogen gas harbor …more


Read more at: http://phys.org/news/2015-04-sun-late-milky-star-birth-party.html#jCp

SARCASM

Brain Sarcasm Centre “Totally Found”

By Neuroskeptic | April 11, 2015 10:31 am
A new study published in the journal Neurocase made headlines this week. Headlines like: “Sarcasm Center Found In Brain’s White Matter“. The paper reports that damage to a particular white matter pathway in the brain, the right sagittal stratum, is associated with difficulty in perceiving a sarcastic tone of voice.

Cheese


Getty Images




Your good bacteria love stinky fromage as much as you do



Americans have long been bewildered by the French paradox: that despite consuming a dream diet full of cheese, baguettes and red wine, people in France have generally low rates of coronary heart disease. By some estimates, the average French person eats 57 pounds /.../

Monday, April 13, 2015

Melantonina

Uma conexão entre o sono e a fome

Hormônio que indica ao corpo a hora de dormir também regula a ingestão de alimentos e o acúmulo de gordura
ED. 230 | ABRIL 2015

© LÉO RAMOS
A melatonina, hormônio produzido pela glândula pineal, situada no centro do cérebro, é conhecida há tempos por seu papel na regulação do sono. Agora, surgem evidências de que ela também exerce uma ação fundamental no controle da fome, no acúmulo de gorduras e no consumo de energia. “Na ausência da melatonina, ratos desenvolveram doenças metabólicas e se tornaram obesos. Já a reposição do hormônio favoreceu a perda de peso”, conta o fisiologista José Cipolla Neto, da Universidade de São Paulo (USP). Ele coordenou uma série de experimentos com animais, realizados em parceria com outros pesquisadores de São Paulo, da França e dos Estados Unidos, que estão demonstrando como a variação nos níveis de melatonina ao longo do dia afeta a ingestão e o gasto de energia, o chamado balanço energético do organismo./../

Capitalism

Macro-economics...
Middle-aged capitalism
On any given day, you can expect news of major corporate mergers. Last week, we had decisions from FedEx to buy the Dutch delivery company TNT for $4.8 billion and from Royal Dutch Shell to acquire the BG Group, a British natural gas company, for $70 billion. Mergers and acquisitions have become a staple of modern capitalism. In 2014, worldwide M&A totaled $3.5 trillion, up 47 percent from the year before, reports Thomson Reuters.  Read full article »

Günter Grass: dies at 87

Günter Grass, German Nobel laureate, dies at 87
Günter Grass, the Nobel Prize-winning author of “The Tin Drum” and other novels that made him known around the world as the moral conscience of 20th-century Germany, a reputation that faltered when he belatedly revealed that he had served as a young soldier in Hitler’s SS, died Monday at a Luebeck hospital in Germany. He was 87.   Read full article »

Sunday, April 12, 2015

Neanderthal DNA

The remains of the so-called Altamura Man, now considered a Neanderthal, encrusted with calcite formations in Altamura, Italy.
The remains of the so-called Altamura Man, now considered a Neanderthal, encrusted with calcite formations in Altamura, Italy.
Credit: Ministry of Cultural Heritage and Activities, Superintendent of the Archeology of Puglia.
The calcite-encrusted skeleton of an ancient human, still embedded in rock deep inside a cave in Italy, has yielded the oldest Neanderthal DNA ever found.
These molecules, which could be up to 170,000 years old, could one day help yield the most complete picture yet of Neanderthal life, researchers say.

Although modern humans are the only remaining human lineage, many others once lived on Earth. The closest extinct relatives of modern humans were the Neanderthals, who lived in Europe and Asia until they went extinct about 40,000 years ago. Recent findings revealed that Neanderthals interbred with ancestors of today's Europeans when modern humans began spreading out of Africa — 1.5 to 2.1 percent of the DNA of anyone living outside Africa today is Neanderthal in origin. [Image Gallery: Our Closest Human Ancestor]

The 50 Healthiest Foods

The 50 Healthiest Foods of All Time (With Recipes)

These are the foods you should be eating now.

Eating healthy shouldn’t be complicated. To make it simple, TIME has curated a list of the 50 healthiest foods you should be eating now.
We asked registered dietitian Tina Ruggiero, author of the The Truly Healthy Family Cookbook, to break down why each of these foods is a powerhouse. We also pulled in the nutritional information and asked our friends at Cooking Light to hook us up with some creative recipes to make sure eating these on a regular basis is no-excuses easy.
Bon appetit!

Jeffrey Sachs: Economic Development























Jeffrey Sachs on the Future of Economic Development


“Conversations with Tyler” is a new event series in which Tyler Cowen hosts thought leaders from across the spectrum — economists…

Jorge Mario Pedro Vargas Llosa, marquês de Vargas Llosa

Selecionado por Jussara Koff
Biografia

2701 - AMICOR 17

Marcello Blaya Peres 90

Aloyzio AchuttiemAMICOR - Há 12 minutos
*Ontem: Marcello apontando o caminho para o centenário. * *Bela Festa!.* *Lema da festa: "El diablo sabe por diablo, pero más sabe por viejo"*

Master Protein

Aloyzio AchuttiemAMICOR - Há uma hora
Master protein found to enhance both muscles and the brain April 7, 2015 [image: Salk researchers and collaborators discovered that physical and mental activities rely on a single metabolic protein, ERRγ, that controls the flow of blood and nutrients throughout the body. In this image, ERRγ is shown (stained red) in the hippocampus, the area of the brain largely responsible for memory. The new work could point to a way to enhance learning. (Credit: Salk Institute)] Could lead to treatments in regenerative medicine and for defects in learning and memory Salk Institute for Biological S... mais »

Life in the cosmos

Aloyzio AchuttiemAMICOR - Há uma hora
Complex organic molecules discovered in infant star system April 7, 2015 [image: Artist impression of the protoplanetary disk surrounding the young star MWC 480. ALMA has detected the complex organic molecule methyl cyanide in the outer reaches of the disk in the region where comets are believed to form. This is another indication that complex organic chemistry, and potentially the conditions necessary for life, is universal. (Credit: B. Saxton (NRAO/AUI/NSF))] Hints that prebiotic organic chemistry is universal For the first time, astronomers have detected the presence of complex or... mais »

Gabriel García Márquez

Aloyzio AchuttiemAMICOR - Há uma hora
Gabriel García Márquez's Formative Reading List: 24 Books That Shaped One of Humanity's Greatest Writers The most reliable portal into another's psyche is the mental library of that person's favorite books – those foundational idea-bricks of which we build the home for our interior lives, the integral support beams of our personhood and values. And who doesn't long for such a portal into humanity's most robust yet spacious minds? Joining history's notable reading lists – including those of Leo Tolstoy, Susan Sontag, Alan Turing, Brian Eno, David Bowie, Stewart Brand, Carl Sagan, and ... mais »

AMIGOS...

Aloyzio AchuttiemAMICOR - Há 2 horas
*Texto enviado no início da semana para ZH e não publicado (eu já imaginava que seria rejeitado)* GRANJEAR AMIGOS. Aloyzio Achutti. Médico. Motivado pelo tempo de Páscoa e dos sucessos da Polícia Federal, li novamente a parábola do “mordomo infiel e esperto” (Lc 16:1-9). A estratégia do mordomo, na história de mais de vinte séculos é a mesma utilizada no Conselho Administrativo de Recursos Fiscais (Carf), agora investigada sob o nome de Operação Zelotes. Falta de criatividade? Ou será que os amigos se sentiram autorizados e até elogiados como espertos, pela própria citação do Evangel... mais »

Saúde em Redes

Aloyzio AchuttiemAMICOR - Há 2 horas
[image: Capa da revista]

Get insideyour own head

Aloyzio AchuttiemAMICOR - Há um dia
*http://www.newscientist.com/special/the-collection-human-brain* Lucky you. If you're reading this, you are in possession of one of the most complex and incredible objects in the known universe. It isn't much to look at, but it is what allows us to experience the world, communicate, build civilisations, create great art and fly to the moon. It is, of course, the human brain. How does a 1.4 kilogram tangle of nerve cells allow you to sense, understand and change the world? How does it support thought, memory and consciousness? What is intelligence? What happens when it goes wrong, an... mais »

patients âgés et la recherche clinique

Aloyzio AchuttiemAMICOR - Há 2 dias
Les patients âgés délaissés par la recherche clinique Les recommandations médicales se basent souvent sur des études auxquelles les personnes âgées n’ont pas participé. Résultat – selon une étude publiée dans le British Medical Journal –, ces directives officielles posent des problèmes d’application pratique sur les seniors. Il pourrait tout bonnement s’avérer dangereux pour les médecins de vouloir suivre fidèlement les recommandations générales qui font pourtant autorité dans la communauté scientifique

Cities can save us

Aloyzio AchuttiemAMICOR - Há 3 dias
united-nations Cities can save us. | Aromar Revi | TEDxPlaceDesNations → youtube.com [image: Link preview]Much of the world’s population will soon live in mega-cities. Often seen as a problem, these cities actually hold the key to a sustainable future, if their resources are adequately managed and their energy harnessed for the common good. Aromar Revi - Director of the Indian Institute for Human Settlements - explains in this TEDx Palais talk. #‪‎action2015

Le tiers monde

Aloyzio AchuttiemAMICOR - Há 3 dias
From The Times: [image: How the French Revolution Gave Birth to the Third World] *How theFrench Revolution Gave Birth to the Third World*

Amazon's Echo smart speaker

Aloyzio AchuttiemAMICOR - Há 3 dias
Amazon Just Gave You One More Reason to Stay in Bed Amazon's Echo smart speaker can now control your lights Ever been too lazy to get out of bed and switch off your lights? Amazon’s Echo smart speaker might be for you. Amazon announced Wednesday you can now use the Siri-like speaker to control the lights and switches in your house./.../

Oldest: 115

Aloyzio AchuttiemAMICOR - Há 4 dias
Meet the World’s New Oldest Living Person - Olivia B. Waxman @OBWax April 6, 2015 Here's what 115-year-old Jeralean Talley of Michigan had to say about the news The last two known people on Earth born in 1898 have passed away just five days apart, according to the Gerontology Research Group. Following the death of 117-year-old Japanese woman Misao Okawa last Wednesday, Gertrude Weaver of Camden, Ark., became the world’s new oldest living person at 116 years old. But she passed away Monday morning at the Silver Oaks Health and Rehabilitation Center after complications due to ... mais »

Eggs and T2D

Aloyzio AchuttiemAMICOR - Há 4 dias
Egg consumption and risk of incident type 2 diabetes in men: the Kuopio Ischaemic Heart Disease Risk Factor Study1,2,3 1. Jyrki K Virtanen⇑, 2. Jaakko Mursu, 3. Tomi-Pekka Tuomainen, 4. Heli EK Virtanen, and 5. Sari Voutilainen ↵2 Supported by the University of Eastern Finland. - ↵3 Address correspondence to JK Virtanen, University of Eastern Finland, Institute of Public Health and Clinical Nutrition, PO Box 1627, FI-70211 Kuopio, Finland. E-mail: jyrki.virtanen@uef.fi. Abstract Background: The prevalence of type 2 diabetes (T2D) is increasing aroun... mais »

Tau x Amyloid

Aloyzio AchuttiemAMICOR - Há 4 dias
Image: Asmus / Shutterstock.com New study reveals main culprit for Alzheimer’s disease Now let’s beat this disease. BEC CREW 26 MAR 2015 A new analysis in more than 3,600 donated brains in the US has singled out malfunctioning tau proteins as the main driver for the cognitive decline and memory loss associated with Alzheimer's disease, offering a new focus for future Alzheimer's treatment and research. While it’s widely recognised that Alzheimer’s develops as a result of two malfunctioning proteins, amyloid and tau, just how big a role each of these factors play has been long-debate... mais »

Transgeny

Aloyzio AchuttiemAMICOR - Há 4 dias
*Selecionado pelo Professor Antônio Padula.* Horizontal gene transferGenetically modified peopleHuman beings’ ancestors have routinely stolen genes from other speciesMar 14th 2015 | From the print edition - [image: Timekeeper] - - OPPONENTS of genetically modified crops often complain that moving genes between species is unnatural. Leaving aside the fact that the whole of agriculture is unnatural, this is still an odd worry. It has been known for a while that some genes move from one species to another given the chance, in a process called horizontal gene transfer. Genes ... mais »

Saúde e Agenda Global

Aloyzio AchuttiemAMICOR - Há 4 dias
[image: Maria Inês Azambuja] Maria Inês Azambuja É professora do Departamento de Medicina Social da FAMED/UFRGS. Integrante do Programa Saúde Urbana, Ambiente e Desigualdades/UFRGS Maria Inês Azambuja 06/04/2015 19:04 |||| Saúde e a agenda global de desenvolvimento sustentável Há uma relação entre investimentos em infraestrutura urbana e a melhoria do nível de saúde da população brasileira. Investimentos esses que também são vistos como excelente oportunidade de negócios para corporações multinacionais - - - EmailShare *“Em uma economia capitalista, bens e serviços são “com...mais »

Dia Mundial da Saúde: 07 de abril

Aloyzio AchuttiemAMICOR - Há 5 dias
“Segurança ”. Segundo a OMS/OPAS, “Alimentos não saudáveis ​​estão ligados à morte de cerca de 2 milhões de pessoas por ano, a maioria crianças. Os alimentos que contêm bactérias, vírus, parasitas ou substâncias químicas nocivas causam mais de 200 doenças, que vão desde diarréia ao câncer.”. O Grupo de Extensão e Pesquisa em Saúde Urbana, Ambiente e Desigualdades promoverá no dia 07/04, uma Mesa Redonda no Anfiteatro Mário Rigatto da Faculdade de Medicina (Ramiro Barcelos, 2400) sobre “Segurança Alimentar”. Com a crescente globalização do fornecimento de alimentos, é necessário t... mais »